Blue Spruce, Picea pungens: Beautiful ornamental or windbreak tree with stiff sharp pointed needles ranging in color from dark green to silver blue. Prefers moist, well drained soils, plenty of sunlight, and requires little shaping.
Norway Spruce, Picea abies: Exceptionally fast growing, straight stemmed stock makes this tree desirable for Christmas trees, ornamentals, timer or windbreaks. The twigs and branchlets hang downward; height of 60-90 feet; intolerant of shade, sensitive to drought
White Pine, Pinus strobus: A five needled pine with soft, light green needles 4″ long. Can tolerate shade, ordinary soil; even wet areas. Mature height is 100 feet.
Scotch Pine, pinus sylvestris: Medium growth rate, should grow to 50 feet in height with a spread of 15 to 20 feet. Short pointed green to blue green foliage. Good winter color, extremely hardy, disease resistant, and drought tolerant. Best in well drained soils, but tolerates poor soils and even heavy clay very well.
American Arborvitae, Thuga occidentalis: A medium sized tree with a shallow, wide spreading root system and narrow, pyramid shaped crown. Maximum height is 40 to 60 feet with a 12 to 15 feet spread. Prefers full sun but can tolerate light shade.
Eastern Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana: A dense pyramidal evergreen growing 40 to 50 feet. Spread of 8 to 20 feet. Medium green needles are flat with grayish to reddish brown bark. Should grow in almost any soil and does well in poor gravelly soils. Due to its fast dense growth, makes it a good choice for screen or hedge.
Tamarack, Larix laricina: Medium to fast growth, grows to a height of 70 feet with a spread of 20 feet, prefers moist to wet soils and full to part sun. It is the only deciduous conifer native to Ohio.
Chinkapin Oak, Quercus muehlenbergii: Slow to medium growth, grows to a height of 60 feet with a spread of 80 feet, prefers full to partial sun. Grows best in moist, well drained soils.
Pin Oak, Quercus palustris: Medium to rapid growth. Grows to a height of 70 feet with a spread of 40 feet. Prefers full to partial sun and wet soils. Pin oak acorns are eaten by many songbirds, wild turkeys, white-tailed deer, squirrels and smaller rodents but are a particularly important food for many ducks.
White Oak, Quercus alba: Slow to medium growth. Grows to a height of 70 feet with a spread of 40 feet. Prefers full to partial sun and well drained soils. The acorns are one of the best sources of food for wildlife. The leaf buds also are eaten by several bird species.
River Birch, Betula nigra: Rapid growth, grows to a height of 50 feet with a spread of 40 feet. Prefers full to partial sun and moist to wet soils. The small but plentiful seeds are enjoyed by songbirds.
Red Maple, Acer rubrum: Medium to fast growth. Grows to a height of 70 feet with a spread of 40 feet. Prefers full to partial sun, and moist to wet soils.
Sugar Maple, Acer saccharum: Grows to a height of 60 to 75 feet. Spread of 45 to 50 feet. Mature trees provide sugar products from sap in the spring. A good timber tree. Does not do well in wet areas or in small compact restricted growing areas.
American Plum, Prunus americana: Medium growth rate. Grows to a height of 20 feet with a spread of 25 feet. Prefers full sun and moist well drained soils. Important to songbirds for nesting and a bedding area. Fruit is edible.
Redbud, Cercis canadensis: A small tree with irregular branching, rarely over 35 feet in height. The blossoms appear in the spring before the leaves. Seeds eaten by birds, flower buds enjoyed by butterfly larvae.
Tulip Poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera: Rapid growth, to a height of 80 feet with a spread of 40 feet. Prefers full to partial sun in moist well drained soils. Spring flowers provide nectar for hummingbirds and the seeds summer through winter proved food for both birds and mammals.
Black Willow, Salix nigra: Rapid growth to a height of 30 feet and a spread of 30 feet. Prefers full to partial sun. Will grow in any soil type as long as it is permanently wet.
Common Hackberry, Celtis occidentalis: Medium growth to a height of 80 feet and a spread of 60 feet. Prefers full sun and moist well drained soils. Very pollution tolerant. In mid to late autumn provides fruits for birds.
Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina: Rapid growth to a height and spread of 25 feet. Will grow in any soil type, full sun and thrives in unfavorable conditions like polluted city air.
Black Gum, Nyssa sylvatica: Also know as Black Tupelo. Height of 20 to 30 feet. Spread of 30 to 50 feet. Produces tiny green flowers, that are very attractive to bees.
Shagbark Hickory, Carya ovata; Narrow, upright growth habit. Grows to a height of 90 feet. Fall colors are yellow and golden brown tones. Popular for its sweet edible nuts and shredding bark. Nut production should start in 25-30 years. Plant at least ten for pollination.
Common Elderberry, Sambucus canadensis: Very fast growing to 10 feet in height with a spread of 6 to 8 feet bluish-black berries are edible and are also a food source for wildlife. Grows in any type of soil and is wetland tolerant.
Ninebark, Physocarpus opulifolius; Grows to a height of 5-10 feet with a rounded shape. Small white flowers develop into red fruit in fall which provides food for wildlife. Plant in full sun to partial shade, very hardy and drought tolerant.
Button Bush, Cephalanthus occidentalis: Medium growth to a height of 7 feet with a spread of 15 feet. Grows in full sun. It is a wetland plant that has globular pure white flowers in the summer. Plant provides cover for ducks, flowers attracts bees, butterflies and birds.
Spicebush, Lindera benzoin: Height of 6 to 12 feet. Deciduous shrub, very tolerant of wet conditions. Suitable for shady areas. Scarlet fruit fall through early winter.
White Flowering Dogwood, Cornus florida: Native tree that bears white flowers in spring and red berries in fall. Shade tolerant.
Black Chokeberry, Aronia melanocarpa: Fast growing to a height of 3 to 5 feet and a spread of 10 feet. Single white flowers in late May. Purplish-black berries in fall. During the spring months, while in bloom, it provides an excellent source of nectar for many pollinators